CIRCLE Shares Three Quantitative Measures of Critical Consciousness

The Center for Information and Research on Civic Learning and Engagement (CIRCLE) has shared the first in a series of blog posts on Impact Measures. The first submission shares three measures of critical consciousness, potentially quite useful tools for researching/evaluating the impact of civic engagement initiatives.

Critical consciousness is a concept put forward by Paulo Freire and is connected to the ability of marginalized of oppressed groups to reflect on social injustice and act to address oppressive conditions. These three quantitative instruments,

“assess youths’ thinking about social inequalities, their motivation to engage in action, and their actual participation to change perceived inequalities.” (